When it comes to fireworks safety, parents may warn kids to avoid getting too close.
For the first time ever, the popular event will be held inside in a large, open warehouse-like space rather than an outdoor public location. Since contestants will be properly spaced out, the number of participants in each competition will also be limited, with only five eaters on hand for each round, as opposed to the typical 15-20. …
Contestants will be seated at a 30-foot-long table and separated by six feet, with the emcee standing six feet back. Staff at the event will all wear masks and gloves and the eaters will have several large plates of hot dogs in front of them to reduce interaction.
More from Travel Trivia: When it comes to time, the borough of Greenwich in London, England, is at the center of the world. That’s because Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) has historically been considered universal time — it’s even the time used by the international space station. In 1884, Greenwich was chosen as the center of world time for reasons of convenience. First, the U.S. had based its national time zones on a meridian that ran through Greenwich. Secondly, in the late nineteenth century much of the world’s commerce depended on maritime trading, and most sea charts also used the Greenwich meridian as the primary point of reference. As such, this particular meridian, which ran from the North Pole to the South Pole and crossed directly through Greenwich’s Royal Observatory, became the world’s Prime Meridian.
Set to 0 degrees longitude, the Prime Meridian is the line upon which GMT was established in order to set the standard for world time. In 1967, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) was introduced as a GMT equivalent and an updated global time standard. At this point, GMT was technically reduced to just a time zone, although it’s still used as a common vernacular to tell the world’s time.
What about the International Dateline?In 1884, the International Meridian Conference was held in Washington D.C., with the goal of choosing a longitudinal equivalent to the equator and to standardize time throughout the world. At the conference, the Prime Meridian was established as a way to divide the Eastern and Western hemispheres just as the equator divides the Northern and Southern. At the same time, the 26 nations that attended the conference created another invisible line: the International Date Line (IDL). The IDL was created to demarcate the difference between one calendar day from the next. Set to a 180-degree longitude meridian, the IDL begins at both poles and then zig-zags around the globe, mostly through a remote section of open ocean.
Interestingly enough, since the IDL has no lawful status, countries are free to choose the dates they observe. Case in point: In 2011, Samoa decided to change its time zone by crossing the International Date Line and skipping an entire calendar day, thereby time-traveling into the future. The change was made in order to improve trade relations with Australia and New Zealand, two countries with whom Samoa conducts regular business. I never knew that!
Time zones were invented for the railroad:
Before mechanical clocks were invented, people used sundials to tell the time. “Noon” was considered to be when the sun was at its highest point in the sky, due south. As a result, each town and city had its own version of time even after the introduction of mechanical timepieces. With the invention of the transcontinental railroad, however, the lack of standardized time became problematic. As people left one city and traveled by railroad across the country, watches had to be reset frequently to accommodate the different times at each station.
To solve this predicament, the U.S. borrowed the idea of time zones from Sir Sandford Fleming. A Canadian railroad engineer, Fleming had originally come up with the idea of dividing the world into 24 different longitudinally-based time zones, each with an hourly variation. The U.S. adopted this idea nationally, creating four different zones based on degrees of longitude. A year later, England, Scotland, and Wales followed suit, and eventually, the rest of the world did too.
Standard time is not always on the hour:
Oddly enough, some countries don’t keep their time on the hour, instead choosing to use half or quarter hours to tell universal time. India, for example, is set to GMT+5:30, as is its neighboring country of Sri Lanka. Other countries that also are on the half-hour include Iran (GMT+3:30), Afghanistan (GMT+4:30), and Burma (GMT+6:30). Even more curious, Nepal is a country that runs on the quarter-hour, as its universal time is set to GMT+5:45.
If that’s not strange enough, Australia has five time zones, and only some of them are set to the half or quarter-hour on the clock. There’s no universal answer as to why the times are set this way; rather, it’s often a result of the politics of each nation. For example, India’s decision to set time on the half-hour was a compromise that accommodated New Delhi’s location between two meridians. Setting the clock at the median hour was a concession that didn’t favor either longitude and presumably offset the fact that the large country runs on a single time zone.
Confused? Or is it crystal clear? In many ways, our travel lives have become easier. We can predict, with great certainty, when we will arrive in a new place. But the price we pay is something called Jet Lag. And it gets worse as you age!!! Take my word for it.
According to travel data company Arrivalist, road trip travel will be down 11 percent from the 41.1 million people AAA predicted would hit the road in 2019, despite the Independence Day weekend being the biggest road trip event so far this year.
On Thursday, AAA Travel predicted Americans would take 700 million trips this summer, a 15-percent decline in journeys as compared to last July through September. The 2020 forecast marks the first decline in summer travel since 2009.
The study also found that 97 percent of respondents would be traveling this summer via road trip, while air travel is expected to drop by an astounding 73 percent. Rail, cruise ship and bus travel are also likely to fall by 86 percent.
From RealSimple: Travelers are thinking smaller, shorter, and closer to home, and locations within driving distance are ideal for families. Vr
bo has seen a 15 percent increase in demand for vacation homes within 500 miles of home. Families seem to have their sights set on any lake, river, beach, or mountain they can get to easily by car. And all the proof is in Vrbo’s top trending spots for Fourth of July, 2020. I do not endorse VRBO, btw.
So, while I am hardly an expert on road trips, I strongly suggest you avoid the Chevy Chase style trip to Wally World, like the Griswold family. Perhaps just a nice drive to the coast, or lake resort? For us, perhaps Monterey or Pismo on the coast, or Lake Tahoe in the Sierras.
No more, no more, no more, no more
Hit the road Jack and don’t you come back
So, here is an interesting question. How many ways can you use coins to make a dollar, or 100 cents?
I will give the answer below. I tried to do it by writing it down, but fell woefully short.
Here is the formula:
(From Galactus) This is a counting problem, not arithmetic.
What coins can you use? If it’s quarters, nickels, dimes, and pennies, then:
The number of ways to get a sum of 100 by adding 25,10,5,1 is the coefficient of x100 in the expansion of:
You will find the coefficient of x100 is 242.
Using quarters, dimes, nickels and pennies there are 242 ways to make change for a dollar. It’s 293 if you also use half-dollars.
Using more than one type of coin, what is the least number of coins you can use to make a dollar?
Answer: Six coins: 3 quarters, 2 dimes, one nickel = a dollar
Here is another coin problem for you to solve:
There is a collection of nickels, dimes, and quarters with total value of $47.60.
There are 28 more dimes than nickels. There are 5 times as many quarters as dimes.
How many quarters are in the collection? Answer below.
Then your dear Uncle shows up: Your uncle walks in, jingling the coins in his pocket. He grins at you and tells you that you can have all the coins if you can figure out how many of each kind of coin he is carrying. You’re not too interested until he tells you that he’s been collecting those gold-tone one-dollar coins. The twenty-six coins in his pocket are all dollars and quarters, and they add up to seventeen dollars in value. How many of each coin does he have? Answer below.
Let “d” be the number of dimes. Then the number of quarters is 5d, and the number of nickels is d-28, according to the condition. Hence, the total in cents is 10d + 25*(5d) + 5*(d-28) = 4760, or 10d + 125d + 5d – 140 = 4760, or 140d = 4760 + 140, d = = 35. So, there are 35 dimes in the collection. Then the number of quarters is 5*35 = 175 and the number of nickels is 35 – 28 = 7. Check. 5*7 + 10*35 + 25*175 = 4760. Correct ! Answer. 7 nickels, 35 dimes and 175 quarters.
Uncle : To solve the Uncle puzzle, you need to use the total number of coins, the values of the two types of coines, and the total value of those coins.
There are twenty-six coins in total. Some of them are quarter coins; let “q” stand for the number of quarters. The rest of the coins are dollar coins. Since there are 26 coins in total and q of them are quarter coins, then there are 26 – q coins left to be dollar coins.
If your uncle has only one quarter, then 25×1 = 25 cents comes from quarters. If he has two quarters, then 25×2 = 50 cents comes from quarters. Since he has q quarters, then 25×q = 25q cents comes from quarters.
For the dollar coins, we need first to convert their value to cents; one dollar is one hundred cents. Since he has 26 – q dollars, then he has 100(26 – q) cents from the dollar coins.
He has seventeen dollars in total, or 1700 cents, part of which is from quarters and part of which is from dollars. To help keep things straight, we can set up a table:
|dollars||26 – q||100||100(26 – q)|
The total value comes from adding the value of the quarters and the value of the dollar coins. So we add the “total cents” expressions from the right-hand column above, and set this sum equal to the given total:
25q + 100(26 – q) = 1700
25q + 100(26 – q) = 1700
25q + 2600 – 100q = 1700
–75q + 2600 = 1700
–75q = –900
q = 12
In other words, 12 of the coins are quarters. Since the remainder of the twenty-six coins are dollar coins, then there are 26 – 12 = 14 dollar coins. I can check to make sure this works: 14×$1 + 12×$0.25 = $14 + $3 = $17. Since the answer works in the original exercise, it must be right.
So, when you are bored, just pull out some coins from your spare change box. It might lead to something interesting?
On Sunday 21 June, parts of Africa, Asia, the Pacific, and the Indian Ocean, including northern India, China and north Australia will be able to see one of the world’s most breath-taking natural phenomenons; an Annular Solar Eclipse that looks like a burning ring of fire. An Annular Solar Eclipse occurs when the Sun’s centre is covered by the Moon at its furthest point away from the Earth in orbit, resulting in glowing edges that form a “ring of fire”. A partial eclipse will be visible to people in selected countries. NASA has even created a handy interactive map charting the path of the Annular Solar Eclipse, highlighting where exactly it should be visible from, while TimeandDate.com has outlined times on a global scale. The solstice will also occur on 20 June, meaning summer has arrived in the northern hemisphere and winter in the southern hemisphere. The Sun’s path across the sky changes each day over the course of a year, getting higher or lower depending on the time of year. The solstices are the moments in June and December when that movement stops and the sun’s path starts heading in the other direction.
As explained by NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, this shift and the seasons themselves are caused Earth’s tilt as it orbits the Sun. The last time I remembering being in a great place to see the eclipse was back in 1999. We were in Scotland, to play golf naturally. After playing the New Course, and the Olde Course in St. Andrews, we drove up to Carnoustie, site of the previous year’s Open Championship. Somewhere in the middle of the round, the skies darkened. Perhaps it was a sign from the golfing gods?
The holiday received its name by combining June and 19. The day is also sometimes called “Juneteenth Independence Day,” “Freedom Day” or “Emancipation Day.” Some call it “America’s Second Independence Day.”
The original celebration became an annual one, and it grew in popularity over the years with the addition of descendants, according to Juneteenth.com, which tracks celebrations. The day was celebrated by praying and bringing families together. In some celebrations on this day, men and women who had been enslaved, and their descendants, made an annual pilgrimage back to Galveston.
Celebrations reached new heights in 1872, when a group of African-American ministers and businessmen in Houston purchased 10 acres of land and created Emancipation Park. The space was intended to hold the city’s annual Juneteenth celebration.
Today, while some celebrations take place among families in backyards where food is an integral element, some cities, like Atlanta and Washington, hold larger events, like parades and festivals with residents, local businesses and more.
Juneteenth needs to be taught in schools, and listed appropriately in history books, at all levels. And it stands on its own, certainly not needing Orange man to move his virus filled rally to another date!
My only direct experience in Juneteenth came back in the 80s, when I participated in a fund-raising tennis tournament to promote Juneteenth in the Bay Area. One of the honorees and competitors
was former Mayor of Oakland, Lionel Wilson, owner of a pretty decent backhand. Arthur Ashe would have been pleased!